Ziping He, Kewen Xia, Pedram Ghamisi, Yuhen Hu, Shurui Fan, and Baokai Zu
Generative adversarial networks (GANs) have achieved many excellent results in hyperspectral image (HSI) classification in recent years, as GANs can effectively solve the dilemma of limited training samples in HSI classification. However, due to the class imbalance problem of HSI data, GANs always associate minority-class samples with fake label. To address this issue, we first propose a semi-supervised generative adversarial network incorporating a transformer, called HyperViTGAN. The proposed HyperViTGAN is designed with an external semi-supervised classifier to avoid self-contradiction when the discriminator performs both classification and discrimination tasks. The generator and discriminator with skip connection are utilized to generate HSI patches by adversarial learning. The proposed HyperViTGAN captures semantic context and low-level textures to reduce the loss of critical information. In addition, the generalization ability of the HyperViTGAN is improved through the use of data augmentation. Experimental results on three well-known HSI datasets, Houston 2013, Indian Pines 2010, and Xuzhou, show that the proposed model achieves competitive HSI classification performance in comparison with the current state-of-the-art classification models.
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 15, 6053-6068, 2022-07-18.