Seyd Teymoor Seydi, Mahdi Hasanlou, Jocelyn Chanussot, and Pedram Ghamisi
Timely and accurate building damage mapping is essential for supporting disaster response activities. While RS satellite imagery can provide the basis for building damage map generation, detection of building damages by traditional methods is generally challenging. The traditional building damage mapping approaches focus on damage mapping based on bi-temporal pre/post-earthquake dataset extraction information from bi-temporal images, which is difficult. Furthermore, these methods require manual feature engineering for supervised learning models. To tackle the abovementioned limitation of the traditional damage detection frameworks, this research proposes a novel building damage map generation approach based only on post-event RS satellite imagery and advanced deep feature extractor layers. The proposed DL based framework is applied in an end-to-end manner without additional processing. This method can be conducted in five main steps: (1) pre-processing, (2) model training and optimization of model parameters, (3) damage mapping generation, (4) accuracy assessment, and (5) visual explanations of the proposed method’s predictions. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated by two real-world RS datasets that include Haiti-earthquake and Bata-explosion. Results of damage mapping show that the proposed method is highly efficient, yielding an OA of more than 84%, which is superior to other advanced DL-based damage detection methods.
European Journal of Remote Sensing, 2252166, 2023-09-05.