Thomas Adler, Manuel Erhard, Mario Krenn, Johannes Brandstetter, Johannes Kofler, and Sepp Hochreiter
We demonstrate how machine learning is able to model experiments in quantum physics. Quantum entanglement is a cornerstone for upcoming quantum technologies, such as quantum computation and quantum cryptography. Of particular interest are complex quantum states with more than two particles and a large number of entangled quantum levels. Given such a multiparticle high-dimensional quantum state, it is usually impossible to reconstruct an experimental setup that produces it. To search for interesting experiments, one thus has to randomly create millions of setups on a computer and calculate the respective output states. In this work, we show that machine learning models can provide significant improvement over random search. We demonstrate that a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network can successfully learn to model quantum experiments by correctly predicting output state characteristics for given setups without the necessity of computing the states themselves. This approach not only allows for faster search, but is also an essential step towards the automated design of multiparticle high-dimensional quantum experiments using generative machine learning models.
Photonics, 8, 12, 535, 2021-11-26.